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Meg-John Barker

Queer: A Graphic History

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    Ale Salinasiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    People wouldn’t have to come out if heterosexuality wasn’t the assumed norm.
    Ester Espinozaiqtibos keltirayapti25 kun oldin
    Although some scholars (notably Gloria Anzaldúa) were already using the term “queer theory”, most writers regard the birth of queer theory as happening at Teresa de Lauretis’s conference of that name at the University of California
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    Arguably, then, the focus should be on revealing the ways in which this hierarchical binary structure operates, and the other hierarchies of power and knowledge involved in this.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    Coming out as gay risks reinforcing the hierarchical binary structure that underlies heteronormativity and homophobia.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    BINARIES ACQUIRE THEIR HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE THROUGH THEIR INTERDEPENDENCE WITH SUPPORTING BINARY OPPOSITIONS: MALE/FEMALE WITH STRONG/WEAK, ACTIVE/PASSIVE, RATIONAL/EMOTIONAL AS SUCH, ONE SIDE OF THE BINARY COMES TO BE SEEN AS INFERIOR.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    supplement is the term that seems to be an addition to the “original” term but on which the “original” actually depends. For example, madness, emotionality, and homosexuality are all supplements: you can’t have the concept of sanity without madness, rationality without emotionality, or heterosexuality without homosexuality.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    All of this means that we need to study heterosexuality – and other “normative” identities and practices – just as much as we do LGB sexualities and other “non-normative” ones.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    it doesn’t say who it is good or bad for, but simply sets out the assumptions inherent in it.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    one thing missing in the concept of straight privilege is the problems it poses for people on the inside
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    Heterosexism generally refers to bias or discrimination
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    Homophobia generally refers to a negative set of attitudes
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    Heteronormativity refers to a set of related cultural assumptions:

    • The “normal” or “natural” form of attraction and relationships is one man and one woman who:

    - Normally or naturally embody conventional gender roles and norms; and

    - Have sex whereby the man’s penis penetrates the woman’s vagina (PIV sex).

    OH, BRAD!

    OH, JANET!

    • Other forms of sexuality and gender are less normal or natural than this (or not normal or natural at all).

    • Thus, people are assumed heterosexual unless proven otherwise.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    As multiple queer theories developed over the 1990s, they generally shared the following features:
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    De Lauretis saw queer theory as doing the following things:

    • Refusing heterosexuality as the standard on which all sexual formations are based.

    • Insisting that sexual subjectivity is shaped – through race and gender – in multiple ways.

    • Through this, moving away from the singular understanding of lesbian and gay studies.
    Lisanneiqtibos keltirayaptio‘tgan oy
    WE QUEER THINGS WHEN WE RESIST “REGIMES OF THE NORMAL”: THE “NORMATIVE” IDEALS OF ASPIRING TO BE NORMAL IN IDENTITY, BEHAVIOR, APPEARANCE, RELATIONSHIPS, ETC.
    Claudiaiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    This self-monitoring results in a docile population with a strong commitment to conformity. The economy benefits in two ways:

    • High levels of productivity (generating profit for employers)

    • High levels of purchasing (of products that trade on our insecurities).

    However, we also get high levels of mental health problems, general unhappiness, and alienation.
    Ale Salinasiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    does it mean that there’s no bodily element to human experience.
    Ale Salinasiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    we’ve seen, gender being socially constructed does not mean that a person’s felt sense of their gender is somehow not real or that they could easily choose it to be otherwise.
    Ale Salinasiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    Higher rates of mental health problems among bisexual people than heterosexual, L or G people.
    Claudiaiqtibos keltirayapti2 oy oldin
    They emphasized pride over pity, choice over essentialism, and liberation over assimilation.
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